Psalm 18:2The Message (MSG) A David Song, Which He Sang to God After Being Saved from All His Enemies and from Saul 18 1-2 I love you, God— you make me strong. But we must read the whole psalm to understand the life of … See the notes at that verse. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". The word fortress means a place of defense, a place so strengthened that an enemy could not approach it, or where one would be safe. 4, 21; the other calls to mind the Phoenician rocky island צור, Ṣûr (Tyre), the refuge in the sea.)). The figures of the מצוּדה (מצודה, מצד) and the משׂגּב are related; the former signifies properly specula, a watch-tower, (Note: In Arabic maṣâdun signifies (1) a high hill (a signification that is wanting in Freytag), (2) the summit of a mountain, and according to the original lexicons it belongs to the root Arab. Then he often had to betake himself to rocks for refuge. 4 The cords of death entangled me; the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me. sl‛, findere, means properly a cleft in a rock (Arabic סלע, (Note: Neshwn defines thus: Arab. To the interpretation of others, who take the word in the sense of height, there is the objection, that this signification occurs only in one passage, namely, Isaiah 5:1, and even there it means, not mountain-top, but hill; whereas it is found in a great number of passages in the sense adopted by us, with a reference to beasts, whose strength resides in their horns; comp. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". Ver. rock—literally, "a cleft rock," for concealment. 1859. rock = fortress. We, however, render, "my God is my stronghold, in which I trust," so that only this, the term, "my Stronghold," belongs to the series of appellatives applied to God. said Cicero, (Haydock) a learned pagan; (Arusp. 1865-1868. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". So the old castles in Europe - as that at Heidelberg, and generally those along the Rhine - were built on lofty places, and in such positions as not to be easily accessible. ša‛b), but can only be descended on foot. Psalm 18:2 3 I called to the Lord, who is worthy of praise, and I have been saved from my enemies. To him that presides over the music, a Psalm of David, the servant of jehovah, who spoke to jehovah the words of this song, in the day in which jehovah delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, especially from the hand of Saul.. And he said, I will love you, O jehovah, my strength. Other titles are also given. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-18.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-18.html. Both words denote that God was a refuge or protection, as a rock or crag is to one in danger (compare Deuteronomy 32:37), though the exact difference between the words may not be obvious. And my deliverer - Delivering or rescuing me from my enemies. The epithet, "My shield," occurred already in Psalms 3:3. I beg the Reader to remark with me, as a confirmation that David spake the words of this song under the spirit of prophecy, and with reference to the person of Christ, that the apostle Paul quotes from this verse a saying of Christ, as the margin of our old Bibles showeth Hebrews 2:13. which, as well as the verse of Paul's quoting before, Hebrews 2:12. taken from Psalms 22:22, evidently refers to the Lord Jesus. The third designation, "my deliverer," the only proper one amid others solely figurative, is intended to explain the two first, pointing to their real substance. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? - that is, he had derived from God the protection which a rock, a tower, a citadel, a buckler furnished to those who depended on them, or which they were designed to secure. That David borrowed the צור from this passage, which with singular predilection he used for his last words, is evident from Psalms 18:31. Compare Psalm 22:21; Psalm 75:4-5, Psalm 75:10; Psalm 92:10; Psalm 132:17; Psalm 148:14. The Lord is my rock, &c.— These words, by which David expresses his security under the protection of God's providence, will appear to be well chosen, if we consider that under Saul, when he was driven into banishment by him, he was forced to conceal himself in rocks and caverns, and to retreat for his safety to steep hills and precipices, rendered by nature almost inaccessible. Also, Josephus, Ant., b. I will love You, O LORD, my strength. In the fourth designation, "my mountain, in whom I trust," it is not the height and inaccessibility, as in the case of the rock, which are considered, but the immoveableness, and unchangeable firmness. Psalm 18:3 “I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine … Deo. Hebrew. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. (St. Chrysostom) --- "Who can behold the heavens, and yet be so foolish as not to acknowledge that a God exists? "E.W. Render “my peak of safety.”. . Exploring the Meaning of Psalms 18 By Rev. relieved by the addition מְנוּסִי, my refuge. The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower. 'l-sal‛ is a cutting in a mountain after the manner of a gorge; and Jkt, who cites a number of places that are so called: a wide plain (Arab. +JMJ+ The verse you are referring to, below in the RSVCE, is actually psalm 17, verse 3 in the Knox version of the Bible. God is here El, “the strong one.” In Samuel, “God of my rock.”, Horn of my salvation.—The allusion seems to be not to a means of attack, like the horn of an animal, but to a mountain peak (called “horn” in all languages—so κέρας, Xen. BibliographyClarke, Adam. The word used here occurs in Psalm 9:9, where it is rendered "refuge." Compare Psalms 31:1-24, derived from Deuteronomy 32:4. It is a metaphor from those beasts whose strength lies in their horns. Horn — It is a metaphor from those beasts whose strength lies in their horns. 6: This verse contains a continued chain of metaphors, and is a sublime paraphrase on the first commandment; declaring that God, the God of Israel alone, was the foundation of the Royal Psalmist's confidence, and the author of his security and happiness. My buckler, מגני maginni, my shield, my defender, he who covers my head and my heart, so that I am neither slain nor wounded by the darts of my adversaries. horn of my salvation—The horn, as the means of attack or defense of some of the strongest animals, is a frequent emblem of power or strength efficiently exercised (compare De 33:17; Lu 1:69). That the designations must be thus understood, is evident, first of all, from the expression in the next verse, "I am delivered," not, I was. The L ord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, and the latter, a steep height. i.; Menochius) --- Hands. Julian Duckworth . Fortress.—Properly, mountain castle. Psalm 18:2 The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer. Psalm 18:2 Translation & Meaning. 1840-57. fḍ') enclosed by steep rocks, which is reached through a narrow pass (Arab. He further declares, that God is his buckler, or shield; or who, as the shield in the soldier's hand, protected him from danger in those perilous wars in which he was engaged with his enemies. He grounded the hope of his security, however, not upon their natural inaccessibility, but his mind rose from the corporeal rock to the spiritual, which he beheld under the form of the corporeal. Verse: The Lord (Jehovah) is my rock, my fortress (Metsudhathi) and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". It is found also in Psalms 144:2, a passage grounded upon ours, and cannot therefore be regarded as a corruption of late origin. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Psalms 18:2 Context. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". (Margin, "A high place.") High tower.—The LXX. .—Better, my God, my rock, I trust in Him. - Fleischer.). The notion or idea of a "God" is different from all other ideas, and David had found, as the Christian now does, all that is implied in that idea, in Yahweh, the living God. 3. 1828. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. To the trusting exactly corresponds unchangeableness and fidelity. Barnes's Psalms 18:2 Bible Commentary The Lord is my rock - The idea in this expression, and in the subsequent parts of the description, is that he owed his safety entirely to God. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Such decidedly is its import in the first passage, where it is used as a designation of God, Deuteronomy 32:4. And the horn of my salvation - The "horn" is to animals the means of their defense. He is a rock indeed, his work is perfect. also Genesis 3:3; Micah 2:6). for ex. Both words denote that God was a refuge or protection, as a rock or crag is to one in danger (compare Deuteronomy 32:37), though the exact difference between the words may not be obvious. BibliographyGill, John. The mode of contemplation, to which he then became familiarized, suggested such figurative designations of God, his deliverer, as his rock, his fastness, his stronghold. Compare Judges 6:2; Psalm 27:5; Psalm 61:2. 1801-1803. amṣidatun and muṣdânun, wince these can only be properly formed from those singulars on the assumption of the m being part of the root. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-18.html. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". See notes on Deuteronomy 32:13, and Exodus 17:6. Often in reading scripture, it’s easy to quickly gloss over words and fail to see the deeper meaning. TITLE. Used by Permission. Verse 2. See also the notes at Isaiah 33:16. v. 532; and so in Hebrew, Isaiah 5:1, see margin), such as often afforded David a safe retreat. Consider the deeper meanings of these symbolic words describing our Deliverer. This is a different word from that in the first verse. "Commentary on Psalms 18:2". Carm. II. All these epithets applied to God are the fruits of the affliction out of which David's song has sprung, viz., his persecution by Saul, when, in a country abounding in rugged rocks and deficient in forest, he betook himself to the rocks for safety, and the mountains served him as his fortresses. Psalm 9:9.) Those that truly love God, may triumph in him as their Rock and Refuge, and may with confidence call upon him. maṣṣa, to suck, but the meanings of Arab. The confession of the God tried and known in many ways is continued in Psalm 18:5 by a general expression of his experience. David, therefore, by attributing to God various methods of saving his people, protests that, provided he has God for his protector and defender, he is effectually fortified against all peril and assault; as if he had said, Those whom God intends to succor and defend are not only safe against one kind of dangers, but are as it were surrounded by impregnable ramparts on all sides, so that, should a thousand deaths be presented to their view, they ought not to be afraid even at this formidable array. 2. Compare Job 39:28. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. Such fortresses were often constructed on the rocks or on hills, where those who fled there would be doubly safe. Such towers were erected on mountains, on rocks, or on the walls of a city, and were regarded as safe places mainly because they were inaccessible. Deuteronomy 32:4. 2.Jehovah is my rock, etc. מהלּל is a predicate accusative to יהוה: As one praised (worthy to be praised) do I call upon Jahve, - a rendering that is better suited to the following clause, which expresses confidence in the answer coinciding with the invocation, which is to be thought of as a cry for help, than Olshausen's, "Worthy of praise, do I cry, is Jahve," though this latter certainly is possible so far as the style is concerned (vid., on Isaiah 45:24, cf. Compare Job 39:28. Horn was the emblem of power, and power in exercise. and Vulgate have “helper.” (Comp. As the rocks that are hard to be clambered unto are good refuges to fly unto from the face of pursuers, so God is the safety of all such as in distress do fly to him for succour. We have the joint figure of the lofty and precipitous cliff with the castle on its crest, a reminiscence—as, in fact, is every one in this “towering of epithets”—of scenes and events in David’s early life. 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